Hamidiye

   In 1891, the Ottoman sultan Abdul Hamid II established an irregular cavalry of Kurds modeled on the Russian Cossacks and named after himself, the Hamidiye. The purpose was to police eastern Anatolia by divide-and-rule policies that would reward loyal Kurdish tribes and make revolt against the government more difficult.
   The Hamidiye were also notoriously used against the Armenians. By the end of the 19th century, there were probably more than 50,000 of these irregulars. Some of the Hamidiye also used their power in lawless assaults on their Kurdish tribal enemies. When the Committee of Union and Progress overthrew the sultan in 1908, it abolished the Hamidiye. However, it was soon reconstituted as Tribal Light Cavalry Regiments and used during wars up through Turkey's War of Independence following World War I. Today's village guards (in Turkey) and josh (in Iraq) are reminiscent.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

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  • Hamidiye (Kavallerie) — Die Hamidiye war eine Kavallerietruppe des Osmanischen Reiches, die 1891 von Sultan Abdülhamid II. aus kurdischen Nomaden und Halbnomaden, sowie aus ostanatolischen Turkvölkern[1][2] wie Turkmenen[3] oder Yörüken …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Abd-ül-Hamid II. — Abdülhamid II. Abdülhamid II.[1] (* 21. September 1842 in Istanbul; † 10. Februar 1918 ebenda) war vom 31. August 1876 bis zum 27. April 1909 Sultan des Osmanischen Reiches. Er war der zweite Sohn des Sultans Abdülmecid und folgte seinem Bruder …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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